ABOUT THE DIASPORA TO DEVELOPMENT OR D2D PROGRAM
The term diaspora is from the ancient Greek verb meaning “to sow over.” It originated from the ancient Greek tradition of migration and colonization (Global Diasporas: An Introduction by R. Cohen, 1997; ix). Nowadays, it may describe any population which is considered ‘de-territorialised’ or ‘transnational’—loosely lumping together immigrants, temporary workers, ethnic and racial minorities, refugees, expatriates, and travelers (“Rethinking Babylon: iconoclastic conceptions of the disasporic experience.” by R. Cohen. New Community 21 (1995): 5) The CFO has adopted the International Organization for Migration (IOM) definition of diaspora as members of ethnic and national communities who have left their countries of origin, but maintain links with their homeland.
In 1980, when CFO was established to provide services to Filipino migrants, coincidentally, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) reported that the billions of dollars that migrants transfer out of their host countries through remittances far exceeded official development assistance from donor states to qualifying countries.
In line with this finding, by 1989, the CFO institutionalized the Lingkod sa Kapwa Pilipino or Link for Philippine Development (LINKAPIL) as its main conduit for development support from overseas Filipino communities. LINKAPIL has channeled over PhP2.5 billion worth of development assistance over a twenty-year period.
The Philippine Development Plan (2010-2016) formulated by the administration of Pres. Benigno S. Aquino III has sixty (60) provisions on Migration and Development in seven of its ten chapters.
This is an affirmation of the CFO advocacy to mobilize Diaspora Communities to contribute to their home country’s development, or the Diaspora to Development (D2D) model.
The D2D initiative provides the framework and strategies for engaging the Philippine Diaspora in the development of 10 areas of interventions:
|1. Alay Dunong Program (ADB or Brain Gain Program) – is a program that systematizes and strengthens the skills and technology exchange/transfer between OFs and the mother country, with initial focus in the fields of science and technology and engineering.
||6. Diaspora Philanthropy (Lingkod sa Kapwa Pilipino or LINKAPIL) - coordinates and facilitates the transfer of material and financial forms of assistance from OFs to development projects in the Philippines. It provides tools to identify and prioritize the areas in need of development assistance as well as the perceived needs of the communities.|
|2. Arts and Culture Exchange (ACE) – is a component that seeks to promote and facilitate the exchange of artistic and cultural products and workers between the country and Filipino communities abroad.||7. Global Legal Assistance and Advocacy (GLAAD) - mobilizes the support of overseas and local Filipino lawyers and legal experts to provide legal assistance and advice to OFs in distress, as well as advocate for laws, policies and programs that empower Filipinos both in their home and host countries.|
|3. Balik-Turo (Teach-Share) and Education Exchanges – is a continuing professional and vocational education exchange program for the return of overseas members of the academe to strengthen and enhance the educational programs and services of partner schools in the Philippines. The initial focus of the engagement is in Nursing and Teaching Education.||8. Medical Mission Coordination (MMC) - coordinates, facilitates and rationalizes the conduct of medical missions sponsored and organized by OFs in areas that require medical interventions. It also provides effective tools to identify basic medical needs of the communities, to monitor and measure the impact of medical missions.|
|4. Business Advisory Circle (BAC)– is a matching and referral program where business experts provide advice to OFs in identifying, setting-up and sustaining business activities and partnerships in the country.||9. Return and Reintegration (R&R) – focuses on providing returning OFs and retirees with updated information on services for a successful reintegration into local life.|
|5. Diaspora Investment (DI) – is a program where new financial instruments and investment services are developed, enhanced and promoted for OFs. Included here is the rechanneling of remittances towards local and national development using various models being practiced here and abroad.||10. Tourism Initiatives (TI) – focuses on supporting the drive for balikbayan tourism and encouraging migrant investments in small-scale tourism enterprises, like local bed and breakfast facilities, and other tourism-related services such as health and wellness services and medical tourism.|
- MOF Calendar of Activities 2016 2016-12-07
- Global Civil Society Consultation on Migration and Local Development: A Synthesis Report in the Context of the 3rd Global Mayoral Forum on Human Mobility, Migration and Development 2016-11-18
- Four Filipino Nurses Inducted as 2016 Fellows of the American Academy of Nursing (FAAN) Honored at a Philippine Embassy Reception 2016-11-11