IOM-MPI Issue in Brief No. 12 – Women’s Labour Migration from Asia and the Pacific: Opportunities and Challenges

MPI Issue 12 LRG



Description : In an era of unprecedented human mobility, migration from and within the Asia-Pacific region has assumed gendered dimensions, with implications for migration flows, trends and patterns. While gender roles, inequalities and relations affect who migrates, it also has significant implications for women migrant workers themselves.

In ‘Women’s Labour Migration from Asia and the Pacific: Opportunities and Challenges’, author Bandita Sijapati explores the pros and cons of women’s migration.  The brief looks into how opportunities can be provided to improve the lives of women migrants and that of their families.This issue also describes how women migrants are exposed to different types of risks, vulnerabilities, and discrimination.

This issue in brief is the twelfth in the series of policy papers by the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) and the International Organization for Migration’s Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific that offer succinct insights on migration issues affecting the Asia-Pacific region today. To read earlier briefs in the series, visit : IOM Online Bookstore or Migration Policy Institute.

Table of Contents

  • Executive Summary
  • I. Trends and Patterns of Women’s Migration in the Asia-Pacific Region
  • II. Factors that Influence Women’s Labour Migration
  • III. Impact of Women Labour Migration
  • IV. The Legal and Policy Context
  • V. Challenges Relating to Migration of Women
  • VI. Conclusion and Way Forward: Learning from Good Practices
  • Work Cited
  • Endnotes
  • Acknowledgement
  • About the Author

Number of pages : 16
Format : Electronic copy 

Reference Number: 2227-5843 / e-ISSN - 2227-5851 
Language of Publication: English 
Year of Publication: 2015

You can download the free PDF here.



World Day of Migrants and Refugees 2015: “More decisive and constructive action is required”, says Pope Francis

Geneva, 18 January 2015 – On the occasion of World Day of Migrants and Refugees, the International Catholic Migration Commission underscores two urgent challenges that the world faces today: the need for more international cooperation and collaborative governance, and the need to establish new models of diverse, yet stable, societies in which social and economic development can take place.

Today we are calling for the need to respect diversities and build a common space where people can live together in spite of their differences, whether cultural, religious, social, or economic. Any failure in truly recognizing “the other” impedes true human development, social cohesion and progress.

We live in a context of constantly changing international relations, shifting economies, and humanitarian challenges of growing complexity. Referring to international cooperation to deal with the phenomenon of migration, Pope Francis emphasizes that “a more decisive and constructive action is required, one which relies on a universal network of cooperation, based on safeguarding the dignity and centrality of every human person.”


Young Syrian refugee in Lebanon. Photo: © UNHCR

Syria is the biggest refugee crisis in the world today. As UN High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres has stated, “Syria has become the defining humanitarian challenge of our time”. Upon returning from a recent visit to Syria, one of our colleagues said: “You can’t imagine how many Syrian children are in the street asking for money or trying to sell all sorts of items in order to survive. I have heard of 10-month old babies without parents, with no one to support them, abandoned in the street. The international community keeps saying that the solution is political. The only thing you see in Syria today is people dying.”
Questions immediately come to mind: “What is the international community doing for these children? Where is the dignity and centrality of every human person that Pope Francis is talking about? What can we do, each of us, as individuals and societies?
Pope Francis reminds us that we are called, as people and societies, to “share our resources, and occasionally to give up something of our acquired riches.” Each of us, and each country, has the capacity to respond in so many ways. Prayer is an important response. So is advocacy: for greater assistance and protection—and proper political solutions—for people uprooted in their own countries and across borders, and for decent asylum, resettlement and other humanitarian admissions. In this regard, what we need most are concrete initiatives, whether individual or collective, to support refugees and migrants upon arrival, facilitate their integration into their host country, help them find education and employment, and help them build a future full of social and economic opportunities.
This Sunday, Churches all around the world will read a biblical passage in which God himself calls to one who is sleeping… who slowly, but clearly, responds, “Here I am Lord, your servant is listening.” May we, each of us, also listen and respond, clearly.


ICMC Communications


ACP EU Migration Action - Roster of Experts

Dear South-South Migration Network Members,

Greeting and happy New Year.

We are very pleased to start the year by sharing with you a new and very interesting opportunity. Following the recent launch of the ACP-EU Migration Action managed by IOM,  the calls for two rosters of experts on migration have been launched.  We would like to invite you to apply and to disseminate these calls to your network:

·        a roster of ACP-EU Experts on Migration (click to go to the call) for short and mid-term assignments (maximum 60 days) to provide technical assistance responding to the requests submitted by African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries/ Regional Organizations, in the areas of remittances, visas and readmission;

·        a roster of Baseline Assessment Consultants (click to go to the call) for performing baseline assessments in ACP countries.

Further information on the calls, the application forms, and the criteria to be accepted into the rosters are in the related webpages (to click on the links above).

Please note that the two rosters are open both to ACP and EU nationals and they constitute an opportunity for ACP and EU Governments to second their qualified staff to an ACP country.

For additional information, please visit the Action’ website available at

Should you have any questions about these rosters, please contact the team of the ACP-EU Migration Action here in copy.

Kindest regards,

ACP-EU Migration Action Team


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